The surgical procedure that uses miniscule cameras (with microscopes and tiny fiber-optic flashlights) inserted into small incisions is called minimally invasive surgery or MIS.
The procedure is also called laparoscopic surgery.
With minimally invasive surgery, patients are able to recover faster.
Also, unlike conventional surgery, there is less scarring and minimal blood loss.
Nowadays, minimally invasive surgery has become the treatment of choice for majority of patients the world over.
This is not surprising as minimally invasive surgery offers incomparable benefits compared to traditional “open” surgery.
Benefits of Minimally Invasive Surgery
Some of the peerless benefits of minimally invasive surgery include:
- Increased safety – body trauma and blood loss becomes minimal as incisions made are very small.
- Minimal scarring – incisions will take only a stitch (or two) to close.
- Lesser infection risk – since the procedure is not invasive, the risk of infection is relatively lower. There is also less scarring and pain.
- Shorter recovery period – traditional surgery will often require 6 to 8 weeks before healing. Minimally invasive surgery however will only take a maximum of 2 weeks.
- Reduced hospital stay – majority of those who undergo MIS procedures are discharged after a few hours and will not be required to stay in the hospital.
Preparing for Minimally Invasive Surgery
Even if considered less invasive, preparation is still needed to help warrant the success of the procedure.
In order to get your preparation off to a superb start, you should get the answers to the following questions from your doctor:
What can you expect during MIS?
Know the specifics. Inquire the likely duration of the procedure, the instruments that will be used, and the number of incisions to be made, for starters.
It is also advisable to take note of other things you need enlightenment on so you will have a good idea of what you are getting yourself into.
What are some of the likely effects of the procedure?
While pain is expected post-surgery, it might not occur where you expect it to be so it will work to your advantage to ask beforehand.
Also, inquire where you are likely to feel discomfort, how severe it can be, and how long it will likely last.
How long is the expected recovery period?
Even if majority of minimally invasive procedures are carried out as outpatient procedures, it is still imperative that you get the specifics on the expected recuperation length.
This is done so you can make any necessary adjustments or preparations ahead of time.
What to expect pre and post-surgery?
The night prior, it would be ideal to already take a shower so the surgical site is also cleaned. Alcohol intake should also be prohibited. When necessary, your doctor will give you directions on bowel preparation.
Using makeup, moisturizers, lotions, and creams is also not advisable on the day of the surgery. Also, it is highly likely that you will be asked to abstain from eating and drinking after midnight prior to the operation schedule.
To play safe, it would be best to take note of any dos and don’ts so you adhere to them accordingly.
After the procedure, patients will stay in the recovery room for at least 2 to 3 hours. Antibiotics and pain medications will also be given.
Once patient is able to urinate and move around comfortably, the urinary catheter will then be removed.
Staying in the hospital after the surgery is often not required. However, some procedures may require that patient stays in the hospital for at least a few days.
When the dressing incisions have been removed, the patient can already take a shower.
Upon discharge, pain medication and prescriptions will likely be given. Check with your doctor as to when you can continue doing your daily routine without any restrictions.